Today in History
Today is Dec. 1, the 335th day of 2019. There are 30 days left in the year.
Today’s Highlight in History:
On Dec. 1, 1824, the presidential election was turned over to the U.S. House of Representatives when a deadlock developed between John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson, William H. Crawford and Henry Clay. (Adams ended up the winner.)
On this date:
In 1862, President Abraham Lincoln sent his Second Annual Message to Congress, in which he called for the abolition of slavery, and went on to say, “Fellow-citizens, we can not escape history. We of this Congress and this Administration will be remembered in spite of ourselves.”
In 1941, Japan’s Emperor Hirohito approved waging war against the United States, Britain and the Netherlands after his government rejected U.S. demands contained in the Hull Note.
In 1942, during World War II, nationwide gasoline rationing went into effect in the United States; the goal was not so much to save on gas, but to conserve rubber (as in tires) that was desperately needed for the war effort.
In 1952, the New York Daily News ran a front-page story on Christine Jorgensen’s sex-reassignment surgery with the headline, “Ex-GI Becomes Blonde Beauty.”
In 1955, Rosa Parks, a black seamstress, was arrested after refusing to give up her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Ala., city bus; the incident sparked a year-long boycott of the buses by blacks.
In 1965, an airlift of refugees from Cuba to the United States began in which thousands of Cubans were allowed to leave their homeland.
In 1969, the U.S. government held its first draft lottery since World War II.
In 1974, TWA Flight 514, a Washington-bound Boeing 727, crashed in Virginia after being diverted from National Airport to Dulles International Airport; all 92 people on board were killed. Northwest Orient Airlines Flight 6231, a Boeing 727, crashed near Stony Point, N.Y., with the loss of its three crew members (the plane had been chartered to pick up the Baltimore Colts football team in Buffalo, N.Y.).
In 1997, a 14-year-old boy opened fire on a prayer circle at Heath High School in West Paducah, Ky., killing three fellow students and wounding five; the shooter is serving a life sentence.
In 2005, a roadside bomb killed 10 U.S. Marines near Fallujah, Iraq.
Ten years ago: President Barack Obama ordered 30,000 more U.S. troops into the war in Afghanistan but promised during a speech to cadets at the U.S. Military Academy at West Point to begin withdrawals in 18 months. General Motors Co. CEO Frederick “Fritz” Henderson stepped down after the board determined that the company hadn’t been changing quickly enough.
Five years ago: President Barack Obama, after meeting with mayors, civil rights leaders and law enforcement officials at the White House, asked federal agencies for concrete recommendations to ensure the U.S. wasn’t building a “militarized culture” within police departments.
One year ago: France’s most violent urban riot in a decade engulfed central Paris, as yellow jacket activists torched cars, smashed windows and looted stores. Actor and dancer Ken Berry, star of the 1960s sitcom “F Troop”ì and “Mayberry R.F.D.”ì in the 1970s, died at a Southern California hospital at the age of 85.
Today’s Birthdays: Actor-director Woody Allen is 84. World Golf Hall of Famer Lee Trevino is 80. Singer Dianne Lennon (The Lennon Sisters) is 80. Country musician Casey Van Beek (The Tractors) is 77. Rock musician John Densmore (The Doors) is 75. Actress-singer Bette Midler is 74. Singer Gilbert O’Sullivan is 73. Former child actor Keith Thibodeaux (TV: “I Love Lucy”) is 69. Actor Treat Williams is 68. Actress Charlene Tilton is 61. Actress Golden Brooks is 49. Actress-comedian Sarah Silverman is 49. Contemporary Christian singer Bart Millard is 47. Singer Sarah Masen is 44. Rock/Christian music singer-songwriter Mat Kearney is 41. Actress Ashley Monique Clark is 31. Pop-rock-rap singer Tyler Joseph (Twenty One Pilots) is 31. Actress Zoe Kravitz is 31. Pop singer Nico Sereba (Nico & Vinz) is 29.
Thought for Today: “I got a simple rule about everybody. If you don’t treat me right, shame on you.” — Louis Armstrong, American jazz musician (1900-1971).