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TODAY IN HISTORY

Today is the 50th day of 2020. There are 316 days left in the year.

Today’s Highlight in History:

On Feb. 19, 1945, Operation Detachment began during World War II as some 30,000 U.S. Marines began landing on Iwo Jima.

On this date:

In 1803, Congress voted to accept Ohio’s borders and constitution.

In 1807, former Vice President Aaron Burr, accused of treason, was arrested in the Mississippi Territory, in present-day Alabama. (Burr was acquitted at trial.)

In 1846, the Texas state government was formally installed in Austin.

In 1878, Thomas Edison received a U.S. patent for “an improvement in phonograph or speaking machines.”

In 1934, the U.S. Army Air Corps began delivering mail after President Franklin D. Roosevelt canceled private contracts that had come under suspicion. (The hastily arranged, ill-equipped military flights claimed the lives of a dozen pilots, sparking a public outcry.)

In 1942, during World War II, President Franklin D. Roosevelt signed Executive Order 9066, which paved the way for the relocation and internment of people of Japanese ancestry, including U.S.-born citizens.

In 1968, the children’s program “Mister Rogers’ Neighborhood,” created by and starring Fred Rogers, made its network debut on National Educational Television, a forerunner of PBS.

In 1986, the U.S. Senate approved, 83-11, the Genocide Convention, an international treaty outlawing “acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group,” nearly 37 years after the pact was first submitted for ratification.

In 2003, an Iranian military plane carrying 275 crashed in Iran, killing all

In 2008, an ailing Fidel Castro resigned the Cuban presidency; his brother Raul was later named to succeed him.

Ten years ago: The FBI concluded that Army scientist Bruce Ivins acted alone in the 2001 anthrax mailings that killed five people.

Five years ago: President Barack Obama urged delegates from 63 countries at a summit on violent extremism to “confront the warped ideology” espoused by terror groups, particularly using Islam to justify violence.

One year ago: President Donald Trump directed the Pentagon to develop plans for a new Space Force within the Air Force, accepting less than the full-fledged department he had wanted. Designer Karl Lagerfeld, whose creations at Chanel and Fendi had an unprecedented impact on the entire fashion industry, died in Paris.

Today’s Birthdays: Singer Smokey Robinson is 80. Actress Carlin Glynn is 80. Singer Lou Christie is 77. Actor Michael Nader is 75. Rock musician Tony Iommi (Black Sabbath, Heaven and Hell) is 72. Actor Stephen Nichols is 69. Actor Jeff Daniels is 65. Rock singer-musician Dave Wakeling is 64. Actor Ray Winstone is 63. Actor Leslie David Baker is 62. Britain’s Prince Andrew is 60. Singer Seal is 57. Actress Jessica Tuck is 57. Country musician Ralph McCauley (Wild Horses) is 56. Rock musician Jon Fishman (Phish) is 55. Actress Justine Bateman is 54. Actress Bellamy Young is 50. Pop singer-actress Haylie Duff is 35.

Thought for Today: “Passion and prejudice govern the world; only under the name of reason.” — John Wesley, English theologian (1703-1791).

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